Why Do We Need a Parliament: Class 8

Parliament is an essential institution in any democratic country. It plays a crucial role in representing the interests of the people, making laws, and ensuring accountability of the government. In this article, we will explore the reasons why we need a parliament, especially from the perspective of Class 8 students.

The Role of Parliament in Democracy

Parliament is the cornerstone of a democratic system. It serves as a platform for the people to express their opinions, concerns, and aspirations. Here are some key roles of parliament:

  • Representation: Parliament represents the diverse voices and interests of the people. Members of parliament (MPs) are elected by the citizens to represent their constituencies and raise their issues in the legislative process.
  • Lawmaking: Parliament is responsible for making laws that govern the country. MPs propose, debate, and pass laws that address the needs and concerns of the society.
  • Accountability: Parliament holds the government accountable for its actions. MPs question ministers, scrutinize policies, and ensure transparency in the decision-making process.
  • Policy Formulation: Parliament plays a crucial role in formulating and shaping government policies. MPs participate in committees, debates, and discussions to influence policy decisions that impact the lives of the citizens.

Importance of Parliament for Class 8 Students

Understanding the importance of parliament is crucial for Class 8 students as it helps them develop a deeper understanding of democracy and their role as responsible citizens. Here are some reasons why parliament is important for Class 8 students:

1. Learning about Democracy

Studying parliament provides Class 8 students with a practical understanding of democracy. They learn about the principles of representation, participation, and accountability, which are the foundation of a democratic system. By understanding how parliament functions, students can appreciate the importance of their own voice and participation in the democratic process.

2. Developing Critical Thinking Skills

Parliamentary debates and discussions expose students to different perspectives and arguments. By analyzing these debates, students develop critical thinking skills and learn to evaluate different viewpoints. This helps them become informed and responsible citizens who can make well-reasoned decisions.

3. Understanding the Legislative Process

Studying parliament allows Class 8 students to understand the legislative process. They learn how laws are proposed, debated, and passed. This knowledge helps them understand the importance of laws in maintaining order, justice, and social harmony. It also encourages them to actively participate in the lawmaking process in the future.

4. Promoting Civic Engagement

Parliamentary studies encourage Class 8 students to actively engage in civic activities. They learn about the importance of voting, participating in public debates, and expressing their opinions. This fosters a sense of responsibility towards their community and country.

Examples of Parliament’s Impact

Parliament has played a significant role in shaping the destiny of nations. Here are a few examples of how parliament has made a difference:

1. The Indian Parliament

The Indian Parliament, known as the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha, has been instrumental in shaping the country’s democratic fabric. It has passed landmark laws such as the Right to Information Act, the Right to Education Act, and the Goods and Services Tax (GST) Act. These laws have had a profound impact on the lives of Indian citizens.

2. The British Parliament

The British Parliament has a rich history of influencing global politics. It played a crucial role in the abolition of slavery, the extension of voting rights to women, and the enactment of laws to protect workers’ rights. These legislative achievements have had a lasting impact on society.

Q&A

1. What is the main role of parliament?

The main role of parliament is to represent the interests of the people, make laws, and hold the government accountable.

2. Why is parliament important for Class 8 students?

Parliament is important for Class 8 students as it helps them understand democracy, develop critical thinking skills, learn about the legislative process, and promote civic engagement.

3. How does parliament hold the government accountable?

Parliament holds the government accountable by questioning ministers, scrutinizing policies, and ensuring transparency in the decision-making process.

4. Can students participate in the parliamentary process?

While students may not directly participate in the parliamentary process, they can engage in activities such as mock parliaments, debates, and discussions to understand and experience the democratic process.

5. How has parliament made a difference in India?

The Indian Parliament has passed significant laws such as the Right to Information Act, the Right to Education Act, and the Goods and Services Tax (GST) Act, which have had a profound impact on the lives of Indian citizens.

Summary

Parliament is a vital institution in any democratic country. It represents the interests of the people, makes laws, ensures accountability, and formulates policies. For Class 8 students, studying parliament helps them understand democracy, develop critical thinking skills, learn about the legislative process, and promote civic engagement. Examples from around the world demonstrate the impact of parliament in shaping the destiny of nations. By understanding the importance of parliament, Class 8 students can become informed and responsible citizens who actively participate in the democratic process.